Sunday, June 9, 2013

The beginning

I have decided to start using a blog after having visited my niece's blog.

My primary purpose is to record a trip my wife and I took several years ago to discover my father's family history.  This journey took us from country stores to country churches with a fire station and cemetery thrown in as well.  Once I have it started, I plan to share it with all of the descendents of Thomas Hardy Ingram, who was my grandfather.  We will visit North Carolina and Virgina as we follow the family migration from Winston Salem through Bassett, Virgina and over to Ingramville, Virginia.  That's right, our family home place is located smack dab in the middle of Ingramville.

Join me on the journey........

Saturday, June 8, 2013

My Father talks about Stokes County

As I began to think about tracing back my family history, I talked to both my mother and my father about their childhood and their memory of the family as they grew up.  Dad told me a lot more about this than my mother did so I began to focus on his history.  It all began with some conversations about Stokes County, North Carolina.  He talked about Sandy Ridge, Germantown and Walnut Cove.  And he told me his grandmother was buried at Northview Primitive Baptist Church which was somewhere in Stokes County.  So, I thought if I ever decided to go research our family history, it had to start in Stokes County.  All of these conversations took place prior to 1990 when I lost both my father, Johnnie Creed Ingram, and my mother, Mary Louise Ingram.

The pivotal event that made me act on these stories and go discover my family history was that my grandfather, Thomas Hardy Ingram, died.  I took his obituary and used it to begin the trip.

Friday, June 7, 2013

Before we begin the journey......

This trip is about finding my ancestors on my father's side beginning with my grandfather, Thomas Hardy Ingram.

Before we begin, I'd like to list the descendants of my mother and father.  They had two daughters, three sons, 8 grandchildren, and 6 great grandchildren.  Here's a view of our family:

Descendants of Johnnie Creed Ingram and Mary Louise Huckabee

Johnnie Creed Ingram  - Mary Louise Huckabee

            Peggy Ann Ingram  - Mike Tardif
                        Deborah Ann Tardif 
                                    Mary Lauren Tardif

Betty Jean Ingram - Harry S. Archer III 
                       Michael Alexander Archer
                        William Creed Archer  - Glenda Clanford 
                                    Hannah Grace Archer
                        David Lee Archer - Kimberly Dawn Hamlett
                                    Noah Wesley Archer

           Larry Creed Ingram – Wanda Boyette
                       Jeffrey Creed Ingram - Valerie Coleman 
                                  Walker Creed Ingram
                       James Patrick Ingram- Sarah Rentz
                                   Nolan Patrick Ingram

           Donald Glynn Ingram - Addie Virginia Walters
                       John Bradford Ingram - Margaret Elizabeth Parker 
                                   Caroline Elizabeth Ingram 
                                   Parker Creed Ingram
                                   John Harmon Ingram
                       Amy Elizabeth Ingram - Parker Honeycutt

           Dalton Lynn Ingram - Sandra Sue Mayer

Thursday, June 6, 2013

Creed and Mary's Parents and Siblings

Before we move back in time through our ancestors, I decided to list the parents, brothers and sisters of my father and mother. 

If you are a descendant of Thomas Hardy Ingram, the rest of this family history applies to you. 

Here is Daddy's family:

Thomas Hardy Ingram 1889 - 1986 - Matilda Fountain Anders 1890 - 1924

              Dorothy Ingram
              Robert Ingram
              Luvie Ingram 1912- 1990
              Johnnie Creed Ingram 1917-1990 - Mary Louise  Huckabee 1919 - 1990
              Lillie Ingram

Granddaddy married again to Ruth Carpenter
 Thomas Hardy Ingram - Ida Ruth Carpenter
              Joe Mac Ingram
              Billy Ray Ingram
              Louise Ingram

  Here is Mama's family:

William Henry Huckabee 1887 - 1962  - Eveline Peele 1898 - 1931 (or Evelyn)
               Mary Louise Huckabee 1919 - 1990 - Johnnie Creed Ingram 1917- 1990
               Buddy Henry Huckabee,Jr.
               Annie Lee Huckabee 1924 - 1991
               Pearl Peele Huckabee - Carson Holloway
               Ethel Huckabee
               Martha Evelen Huckabee

I don't have much information on Mama's parents.  The records I have indicate that her paternal grandfather was named Eli Huckabee.  I don't have his wife's name.  Her maternal grandparents were Thad and Mary Peele.

I did not realize that I was missing so many dates, so I will try to clear that up as I go along.  Our next step will be to find Thomas Hardy Ingram's parents and siblings.

Wednesday, June 5, 2013

Grandaddy Tom

Grandaddy Tom died on January 24th, 1986.

Here is his obituary:

Thomas Hardy Ingram, 96, of 1018 Deluca Street, died suddenly Friday, January 24, at his home.

Funeral services were held at 2 p.m. Sunday at the McDougald Funeral Home, officiated by Rev. Lewis McLean.

Burial was in Hillside Memorial Park with his grandsons, Glynn Ingram, Lynn Ingram, Larry Ingram, Robert Ingram, Jr., Richard Ingram and Tommy Fuller serving as pallbearers.

Born November 3, 1889 in Stokes County, NC, he was a son of the late James Ingram and Minnie Gann Ingram.  He was a watchman for Morgan Mills until his retirement in 1963.

Survivors include his wife, Ida Ruth Carpenter Ingram; four sons, Robert Ingram of Ellerbe, Johnny Creed Ingram and Joe Mac Ingram of Laurinburg, and Billy Ingram of Wagram; three daughters, Luvie Morgan of Vass, Dorothy Varner of Greensboro, and Louise Hayes of Ocean Isle; two brothers, Jack Ingram and Raymond Ingram of Winston-Salem; five sisters, Maggie Dalton of Greensboro, Eunice Bowman and Idell Bowman of Walnut Cove, Mince Ingram and Pearl Ingram of Pittsburgh, PA; 18 grandchildren; 23 great. grandchildren; and 5 great great grandchildren.

Sandy and I used this obituary to start our journey to find my ancestors.  In 1986, we went to find Grandma's grave site and visit the church where Daddy grew up. 

As noted, there are references to Greensboro, Walnut Cove and Winston-Salem.  In 1998, we decided to strike out for Walnut Cove and try to find Idell Bowman, one of Granddaddy's sisters.  Along the way, we also decided to find the church where Granddaddy's father and mother were buried.  Once we found the church, we really had no idea where we would go from there but as it turned out, we worked our way all the way to Franklin County, VA where we discovered our ancestor, Alexander Ingram.  He lived near  Roanoke, VA in the 1700's.  I'll provide more information about him as we continue the journey.

Tuesday, June 4, 2013

Finding Grandma Anders' Grave

Based on some research from Daddy and visiting courthouses and cemeteries, and a note from Marylou Douglas (mentioned below), I pieced together this information on Granddaddy's brothers and sisters.  

Thomas Hardy Ingram 1889 - 1986 - Matilda Fountain Anders 1890 - 1924
              Johnnie Creed Ingram 1917-1990 - Mary Louise Huckabee 1919 - 1990

Charles Ramon Ingram born 1909 – 1997 - Mary Margaret Matthews Ingram 1918 - 1991
    Children - Charles Ramon Ingram, Jr. born 1940 -  Cheryl Stresky Ingram
                                Jeffrey Ingram - wife Jennifer
                                Noah Ingram
                                Michael Ingram
                                Erik Ingram - wife Jacki

  Marylou Ingram (Conn) Douglas born 1942 -
                    First husband - William Chamberlain Conn – divorced and  now deceased
                    Husband - Tracy Edward Douglas 1943 - 1992
                                William Chamberlain Conn, Jr. born 1965
                                Vicki Lynn Conn (Blackman) Ackerman born 1968 - Tyler Robert Blackman born 1992

George DeForest Ingram born 1944 –

Laura Ellen Ingram born 1898

Lana Pearl Ingram Foster 1901 -  (first name may have been Lena)
                                 Mencye Foster

Bertha Renna Ingram 1902 – 1958

 Willie Sampson Ingram 1904 - Ida
                              Willie May Ingram
                                Patsy Ingram

Mary Idell Ingram Bowman 1908 - Lindsay Bowman
                   Betty Bowman
                   Lindsey Bowman, Jr.
                   Wallace Bowman

Eunice Irene Ingram Bowman 1911 -
                   Lou Harlan Bowman
                   Jasper Talmidge (JT) – deceased

Minnie Viola Ingram (Mencye)

Della Ingram Gilbert -
                   Elizabeth Gilbert
                    James Gilbert
                    June Gilbert
                    Jerry Gilbert

Mag Ingram Dalton (just recently died at 104)
                    Ray Dalton
                    Beverly Dalton
                    Howard Dalton
                    James or John Dalton
                    Minnie Sue Dalton
                    Lena Sue Dalton
                    Lucy Dalton
                    Kathryn Dalton
                    Betty Lynn Dalton

Jack Ingram
                    Twins that died within their first year or two

So, in 1986, Sandy and I decided to try and find Northview Primitive Baptist Church near Walnut Cove, NC.  This is where Daddy's mother, Matilda Anders, was buried.

Daddy went to this church as a child.  On our way to find it, we stopped at an old country store and spoke to the gentleman who ran it.  His voice and intonation was an exact copy of Granddaddy.  If I had closed my eyes, I would have thought he was speaking to me.

When we went in the church, the pews were worn from the members sitting so long on Sundays to hear the sermons.  I remember Daddy telling me that they did not have Sunday school.  Also, there were hymnals but no music - they just sang the psalms.  Up by the pulpit, we found a well-worn Bible and a pitcher for water.  We could imagine the preacher in the Spirit on Sunday.

Grandmother Anders' grave was in the cemetery behind the church.  Across the street, there was a beautiful grove of trees with a creek running through it.  I can imagine the congregation gathering here for picnics and baptisms in the creek.

Monday, June 3, 2013

Starting the trip up to Stokes County

In 1998, Sandy and I decided to drive up through Stokes County to find Granddaddy Tom's father and mother.  We had the obituary for Great Granddaddy James and we wanted to try and meet Granddaddy's sister, Idell.  Here is the obituary:


DANBURY, Dec. 30 — James Ingram, 97, of Route 2, Walnut Cove, died today at a Winston-Salem hospital.  Surviving are seven daughters, Mrs. W. L. Bowman, Mrs. J. T. Bowman and Miss Laura Ingram of Walnut Cove, Miss Mencye Ingram, Mrs. J. P. Gilbert, Mrs. Pearl Foster, all of Pittsburgh, PA and Mrs. J. A. Dalton of Greensboro; four sons, Tom Ingram of Laurinburg, James Ingram of Winston-Salem, Raymond Ingram of Pittsburgh, and Will Ingram of Walnut Cove; one sister, Mrs. Emma Koger of Bassett, Va.; 35 grandchildren, 43 great-grandchildren and two great-great-grandchildren. Funeral services will be held at 2 p.m. Monday at Pine Ridge Primitive Baptist Church by Elder V. V. Willard. Burial will be in the church cemetery.

My father told me that James ran a sawmill in Walnut Cove.  We found the land deed for his property as we did our research on this trip. 

We also got to meet Idell and that is a wonderful story.  I'll talk about that on my next post.

Sunday, June 2, 2013

Getting through Stokes County

As we began our journey to Stokes County, NC to find out about my father's family, we started our research tour in Raleigh, NC at the state library and began looking for information about James Ingram.  Our first major find was the marriage record for James Ingram and Minnie Gann.  I remembered daddy talking about James and Minnie.  James Ingram’s father was listed as Isaac Ingram and his mother was listed as Jane Adams.  We also found cemetery records for James and Minnie in Walnut Cove, NC.  This information started us on our journey to find the grave sites of James and Minnie. 

So, the next day, we struck out for Walnut Cove, NC which is north of Winston-Salem.  It’s also not far from Germantown, and Sandy Ridge, which were two places daddy mentioned from his youth.    From our research at the library, we were looking for Pine Ridge Primitive Baptist Church in Walnut Cove.

We did find the church and the grave sites of James and Minnie and two of their daughters.  While we were there, I was reminded that my sister Peggy had commented that Idell Bowman, one of granddaddy Tom’s sisters, was still living in Walnut Cove.  So we decided to try and find her and stop by and say hello if possible.  Interestingly enough, Idell lived on Bowman Road, not far from the church.  So, as we drove down Bowman Road looking for her house, we noticed a woman standing in her yard and decided to stop.  I rolled down my car window and introduced myself and asked if she knew Idell Bowman.  She replied, “Why, that’s me”.  Idell asked us in and offered us cookies and cokes.  We had a wonderful chat sitting there with her and reminiscing about family.  After a nice visit and some home-made cookies, we left Idell.  She later wrote to me with a list of her family members and told me Mencye Foster has the Bible for the James Ingram's family.

As we left Idell, we decided to head to Danbury, NC which is the county seat for Stokes County.  On the way, we stopped in Walnut Cove, and went into the hardware store on Main Street.  The place seemed like it had been there for a long time.  I thought about granddaddy and daddy walking the streets of this town and maybe doing business at this hardware store.  In Danbury, we went to the courthouse and searched for family documents.  We found a copy of the marriage license for James and Minnie, along with birth records for all of their kids and a copy of the deed for the property they purchased after they had been married a couple of years.  I think Daddy told me James operated a saw mill on the property which was near Walnut Cove.

Saturday, June 1, 2013

On to Bassett, Franklin County, Va and Ingramville

After leaving Danville, NC, I remembered that my father told me that Granddaddy Tom Ingram worked as a night watchman at the Bassett furniture plant, so we decided to drive on to Basset, Va.  At Bassett, we discovered the Bassett Historical Center.  They have an excellent genealogy section there for the western counties of Virginia. For the Ingram history, I found several items including a locally published Ingram family history which linked Granddaddy Tom to his father James and his grandfather Issac.  There was also an 1870 Census which listed Isaac Ingram, his wife, Jane Adams Ingram, and James Ingram along with the other kids.  From the records I found there, I was able to create this linkage (below) of our family to Alexander Ingram who lived near Roanoke in the 1700's. 

1 Alexander Ingram Abt 1720 - b: Abt 1720 - ... +Mary

2 James Ingram, Sr. Abt 1745 - 1816 b: Abt 1745 d: 1816 -  +Patsy

   3 James Ingram, Jr. 1796 - 1865 b: December 27, 1796 d: April 01, 1865

.................. +Elizabeth Betsy Hall 1801 - 1859 b: February 01, 1801 d: February 17, 1859

    4 Issac Ingram 1827 - 1903 b: November 27, 1827 d: December 12, 1903
................... +Jane Adams 1827 - 1884 b: April 28, 1827 d: October 15, 1884

      5 James W. Ingram 1868 - b: 1868
................... +Minnie Holland Gann 1869 - 1959 b: March 27, 1869 d: May 16, 1959

         6 Thomas Hardy Ingram 1889 - 1986 b: November 03, 1889 d: January 24, 1986
…….............. +Matilda Fountain Anders 1890 - 1924 b: June 28, 1890 d: March 15, 1924    
 ..……….............. 7 Dorothy Ingram
......................... 7 Robert Ingram
......................... 7 Luvie Ingram 1912 - 1990 b: July 22, 1912 d: April 28, 1990
......................... 7 Lillie Ingram
......................... 7 Johnnie Creed Ingram 1917 - 1990 b: August 14, 1917 d: June 01, 1990
............................ +Mary Louise Huckabee 1919 - 1990 b: September 07, 1919 d: July 29, 1990
................................ 8 Peggy Ann Ingram 1940 - 2005 b: September 26, 1940 d: April 04, 2005
........................................ +Mike Tardif 1931 - b: September 29, 1931
................................................ 9 Deborah Ann Tardif 1961 - b: January 06, 1961
......................................................... 10 Mary Lauren Tardif 1993 - b: May 16, 1993
................................ 8 Betty Jean Ingram 1943 – 2013: b: August 30, 1943 d: December 26, 2013
......................................... +Harry S. Archer III 1944 - b: January 14, 1944
................................................. 9 Michael Alexander Archer 1964 - b: August 06, 1964
.................................................. 9 William Creed Archer 1965 - b: September 30, 1965
....................................................... +Glenda Clanford 1960 - b: September 30, 1960
........................................................... 10 Hannah Grace Archer 1990 - b: June 25, 1990
.................................................. 9 David Lee Archer 1973 - b: February 28, 1973
........................................................ +Kimberly Dawn Hamlett 1975 - b: January 24, 1975
................................. 8 Larry Creed Ingram 1948 - b: May 25, 1948
............................................+Wanda Boyette 1949 - b: July 23, 1949
................................................... 9 Jeffrey Creed Ingram 1979 - b: October 22, 1979
......................................................... +Valerie Coleman 1983 - b: February 26, 1983
................................................... 9 James Patrick Ingram 1984 - b: April 12, 1984
................................. 8 Donald Glynn Ingram 1951 - b: December 11, 1951
                                               +Addie Virginia Walters 1955 - b: February 08, 1955
................................................... 9 John Bradford Ingram 1978 - b: September 12, 1978
...................................  ...................... +Margaret Elizabeth Parker 1980 - b: July 05, 1980
................................................................ 10 Caroline Elizabeth Ingram 2005 - b: August 17, 2005
................................................................ 10 Parker Creed Ingram 2007 - b: September 28, 2007
................................................................ 10 John Harmon Ingram 2013 - b: February 6, 2013
.................................................... 9 Amy Elizabeth Ingram 1980 - b: February 13, 1980
................................... 8 Dalton Lynn Ingram 1951 - b: December 11, 1951
                                                  +Sandra Sue Mayer 1950 - b: March 27, 1950

  In the Historical Center, there was also a book of cemeteries in Franklin County, VA called "Cemetery Records of Franklin County, Virginia".  One cemetery, the Ingram / France cemetery, listed Isaac Ingram, Jane Adams Ingram and several other ancestiors who are buried there.  Below is the list of people, including Ingrams, buried there.

 "Cemetery Records of Franklin County, Virginia"
Compiled by the Franklin County Historical Society
Franklin County, Virginia

We decided to leave Bassett and continue into Virgina to find this cemetery and see if we could find any additional research into the family.   Along the way, we stopped at a volunteer fire station to get directions and spoke with several ladies who were having a quilting bee at the station.  We had to navigate around the Philpott Reservoir and across the Smith River which is mentioned prominently in several of the family wills we later discovered.  We drove up highway 623 and down 601 and we were stunned to come across a sign for Ingramville.   

Just after the sign, we stopped at a service station which still had the ESSO (now Exxon) sign.  When I went in, there was a woman behind the counter and an older gentleman sitting in a rocker.  I introduced myself and he said “I’m an Ingram, too”.  It turns out his name was Buford Ingram, and his wife’s name was Grace.  Buford gave us directions back down 623 to find the Ingram France cemetery where we found the graves for Isaac and Jane and the others listed in the cemetery.

The cemetery is behind the France family farm shown below.  


I have a lot of information about the family including birth certificates, death certificates, marriage licenses, and wills.  If you are interested in any further information, please contact me at

Some of the best notes about the early family are from Jay Ingram who is a distant cousin.  In the notes below, he mentions a related Ingram family in South Carolina who had a visit from George Washington.  Sandy and I visited this site and noted the historical marker there. These notes talk about our common ancestors for the first three generations from Alexander down to James, Jr.

FIRST GENERATION: Alexander Ingram
In the middle 1700's, the part of the state of Virginia west of the Blue Ridge Mountains, also known as the Valley of Virginia, was gradually opening and becoming less hostile to white settlers. At this time, the primary influx of homesteaders came down the through the Valley from the North, and included mostly German and Scotch-Irish settlers. A smaller number of hardy English pioneers found their way to the Valley, crossing the Blue Ridge to get there. Alexander Ingram appears to be one such adventurer, showing up first in the records of 1747, east of the Blue Ridge. In the spring of that year (April 17), Alexander Ingram and Robert Hughes, Jr. 'enter' for 200 acres on both sides of Blackwater River at the mouth of Gill's Creek in Pittsylvania County, Virginia. At the time, there was still much unclaimed land; Alexander Ingram and Hughes were declaring their intention to own the land, after meeting the British colonial government's terms for land grants. This land is now part of Smith Mountain Lake in Franklin County, Virginia, although the stream beds are still discernible on a map. Whether or not Alexander actually ever met the conditions for ownership and actually resided at this spot is not clear. However, just three years later, he found his way about thirty miles northwest, across the Blue Ridge in what was then Augusta County, Virginia. On June 1, 1750, Alexander Ingram "for good causes and considerations but more especially and in consideration of the sum of 40 shillings of good and lawful money for our use paid to our receiver..." receives 373 acres on Goose Creek (a name that the Roanoke River once went by) from the authority of King George II of England. The stipulations were the that three of every 50 acres were to be improved, and that every year on the 'Feast of St. Michael the Archangel', one shilling per every fifty acres was to be paid to the colonial government. The English government seemed to be almost giving away property in an effort to clear land and advance its own borders. At any rate, it turned out well for Alexander, who 5 years later sold this land to Jacob Reed for 31 pounds. There are other similar grants to Alexander Ingram in in Augusta and Botetourt (formed from Augusta in 1770) Counties, Virginia. In 1768, for the price of 40 shillings, Alexander acquired 400 acres "on Huff's Creek, a branch of Roanoak at the bent mountain". This grant, for land just southwest of the present city of Roanoke, Virginia, was signed by John Blair, Esq., "president of our council and comander-in-chief of our said colony and dominion at Williamsburg". The authority for this grant came from the bumbling English monarch George III, who would lose the colonies to independence less than a decade later. Alexander also acquired 54 acres in Botetourt County, Virginia, on August 3, 1771, "on a branch of Roanoke nigh Jasper Tarry's". Alexander Ingram also found his way to Lancaster and Kershaw Counties, South Carolina, at some point as well; he established land holdings here that he passed on in his will later (There are some surprising place name similarities around the Roanoke, Virginia, and Lancaster/Kershaw County, South Carolina, areas: Catawba River(SC)/Catawba Creek(VA); Catawba as a town name; the name Hanging Rock; and Cravan's Branch(SC)/Carvin's Branch and Carvin's Cove(VA). Maybe the Ingram's brought their place names with them). Apparently his entire family went with him, but most returned to Virginia not many years later, perhaps due to dad Alexander's health. Alexander Jr. appears to have stayed in South Carolina with his family, where he aided the American revolutionary effort with goods and services, and where the first President of the United States of America, George Washington, overnighted at his homestead in 1791. Another interesting record of Alexander Ingram, Sr., appears in Augusta County, Virginia, in 1755. Here Alexander appears on Sherriff Robert Breckenridge's "List of Delinquents in the Tax Levies". Perhaps Alexander felt he was being 'taxated' without being 'representated', a sentiment which would ignite a revolution 20 years later. Alexander Ingram recorded his will on the 5th of December, 1780, in Botetourt County, Virginia. He names wife Mary, bequeathing to her six acres on each side of Cravan's Branch, "also my negro wench named Grace", as well as all beds, bedclothes, and the "whole of my pewter". Daughter Ann and her husband were to receive half the land Alexander was currently residing on, and a negro woman named Else. Sons William and James got the tract of land on the Bent Mountain - 400 acres - to be divided equitably. William also received "a mollato wench" (whose name is undecipherable to me in the will), James a "negro wench named Poll". Son John got the other half of the land on which Alexander resided on, a negro Primus, and the negro Grace at his mother's death. Daughter Mary, who seems to have been the baby, received 100 acres on Hanging Rock's Creek (as well as a required contribution from brothers John, James, William, and Alexander, Jr. - his only mention - of 15 pounds apiece to purchase Mary a negro). Alexander's wife Mary and son John were executors of the will. It would be an interesting matter for speculation to determine the apparent source of discord between Alexander Ingrams Sr. and Jr. Junior may have upset his dad by staying in South Carolina, or he may have been the eldest and well-established enough in life not to need the inheritances the others received. It could also be that Alexander Ingram Sr. was a Loyalist and his son's rebellious leanings upset him (roughly half of the colonists were in fact Loyalists). Whatever the reason, when his dad died in 1783, all Alexander Jr. got was a bill for 15 pounds.

Alexander Ingram, Sr.'s sons John and James Ingram found their way to Henry County by 1778, around the Goblintown Creek area on the south side of the Smith River. This area, now located around the convergence of Patrick, Henry, and Franklin Counties, Virginia, at the Philpott Reservoir and Fairy Stone State Park, was at the time part of Pittsylvania County, Virginia. John Ingram, evidently the elder brother, married Elizabeth Childs, and James married a Martha ('Patsy'). Both men show up frequently in Henry County records, buying and selling land, and evidently both became rather well off. One interesting record is from the Henry County Order Book Volume One and Two, where on "September 21, 1778, on the motion of Blackmore Hughes, it is ordered that the sheriff take into custody John Ingram and safely keep him until he gives security for his good behavior towards Hughes" (It should be noted that a different Hughes presided at the government meeting where this took place). Why Blackmore Hughes was so scared of John Ingram is a matter for pure speculation. Therefore, not wanting too many violent offenders in the family tree, I will speculate that Blackmore Hughes stole John's chickens, then, to escape the certain violent repercussions that were due him from John, got his cousin to lock John up. Although records of John and James Ingram show up often in land trading, a record which is particularly interesting occurs in Pittsylvania County Grant Book D (for land now in Patrick or Henry Counties), where James Ingram is granted 289 acres on Goblingtown Creek, a grant signed by Thomas Jefferson. No copy of the original can be made, unfortunately, the grant book consists solely of transcriptions by a secretary; the original document signed by Jefferson would have been sent to James. Jefferson signed many such grants, so James is not unique in this regard, but it is interesting to see a connection to such historical figures in the family tree. As well, the great orator Patrick Henry (who lent his name to both Patrick and Henry Counties) lived in Henry County from 1779 to 1784; any reasonably well off land-holders of the day would probably have had occasion to cross paths with him, in governmental affairs or some other. James Ingram married a Martha, and soon found himself to be a James Ingram Sr. This union produced six children, at least three of whom are direct ancestors of mine: James Ingram, Jr.(born 1790), Sarah Elizabeth ('Sallie') Ingram (born 1787), and Nancy Ingram (born 1798). James Ingram Sr. made his home on a ridge above the Smith River in Henry County. His house has fallen down and has been reclaimed by nature or scavengers, but in 1994, the remains of his stone chimney are still there to be seen, although back in the woods off route 624 in Henry County (near the intersection of 623 and 624) and difficult to find. Although there is not much remaining to see, James Sr. apparently had a fairly large residence, as an inventory of his estate made on November 16, 1816, in Henry County included a loom, 2 flax wheels, 2 cotton wheels, 16 chairs, 2 tables, 9 beds and furniture (as well as various types of livestock, food stores, and accounts on other people). James Sr. was buried nearby, where his grave still stands (with an inscription undiscernible unless the visitor knows ahead of time what it says) by an unmarked burial, probably that of wife Martha. 

James Ingram, Jr., inherited his father's land on the north shore of Smith River, in what is now Franklin County, and eventually moved there. He married Elizabeth Hall, the daughter of John Mason Hall and Sarah (Clark) Hall, on November 14, 1816, in Patrick County, and from there these two put on a prodigious display of fertility: they produced 13 children before Elizabeth's death on February 17th, 1859. James, however, was not finished - he married the young Jane Turner (daughter of Obodioh and Frances Turner) less than 2 months after Elizabeth's death, on April 14th, 1859, in Franklin County. He was 63 and she 35. Seemingly unconcerned at the prospect of being an octogenarian with teen-agers, James fathered two more children with Jane, and in fact outlived her (Jane died in 1865).

James Ingram, Jr., seems to have been a founding member of the Union Primitive Baptist Church, now located where routes 623 and 624 meet in Patrick County (This is not the original church; the building was moved away from Smith River when the Philpott dam created the Philpott Reservoir out of the river - dam construction went from 1948 to 1953). In fact, James, Jr. and Elizabeth were probably married at the church in its first year of existence (1815) since the first pastor, Stephen Hubbard, is the same man who performed their ceremony. A history of the church
, done by J.G.L. Hash in 1948, lists 19 original members, including many Ingrams: Martha Ingram, James Ingram, Elizabeth Ingram, Alexander Ingram. Many other established local family names show up in the original roll call as well: Cox, Turner, Burnett, Via, and others.

James apparently took the occasional break from fathering children, and appears to have been a relatively prosperous farmer. An appraisal of his estate done on May 2nd, 1865 (Franklin Co., VA, Will Book 14, p. 188), shows James as having 5 slaves, valued between $20 and $500, which he accounted for in his will and bequeathed to his last two sons. Additionally, this inventory demonstrates the typical self-sufficiency of the Franklin County farmers of the time. The following items were owned by James at his death:
  • 1 Cotton Wheel
  • 1 Pair Candle moulds
  • 1 Loom
  • 1 Coffee Mill
  • 1 Bee Stand
  • 1 Set Blacksmiths tools
  • 1 Lot Carpenters Tools
  • 1 Cast apple Mill
  • 1 Scythe & Cradle
Of course, he also had the standard 2 stills and 15 still tubs. With an apple mill perhaps his distillation of choice was apple brandy. A final interesting note taken from his inventory shows that James had in his possession $150.00 in 'Money on hand (Confederate)', and $15.57 'Money in specie'. In his will, James states, "I give and bequeath to my daughter Martha Jane Martin four hundred and fifty Dollars to be paid out of out of any money I may have on hand or when collected out of bonds or claims due my Estate whenever my Executor may think proper to pay it not to make too much of a sacrifice on account of the currency." Evidently, the outcome of the Civil War was fairly certain at that time (2/19/1865), and he had cause for concern for the value of his Confederate cash.
James Ingram, Jr. died a Confederate citizen, on April 1,1865, 8 days before Lee's surrender at Appomattox, and is buried along with both of his wives in a large family plot on 'the old France Farm' (for Cabell France, who owned the now-abandoned farmhouse there). He had heart trouble, as a letter from nearby Franklin resident Gabriel Prillaman to Andrew and Martha Prillaman Turner during the Civil War states: "you spoke of James Ingram being low with a disease of the Heart, which one of them is it?" Of course, in 1865, James was already in his 75th year.